Physical Activities and Cognitive Behavior in Early Childhood

child's feet rock climbing

Cognitive development is an integral part of childhood; it is also the best period for it to develop. These types of behaviors include thinking learning; language and memory have been seen to be best developed during childhood than in adulthood. The effect of physical activities on these cognitive behaviors was studied and the result of this survey will be presented in this article.

Children were made to play sports as a case study of a physical activity that is vigorous. The result shows clearly that children that were made to undergo a measure of physical activities come out with a better developed cognitive behavior. Apart from influencing their cognitive pattern, physical activities were also seen to boost the emotional functions of such kids.

More Physical Activities vs. Less Physical Activities

With the changing lifestyles that are more associated with this period we live, various age groups too including children have also experienced a shift in lifestyle. People are less likely to engage in much physical activity today partly because of improvement in technology and partly because people prefer a sedentary kind of life.

This too has affected children as they now prefer sitting in front of the television for long hours as well as in front of computers. This trend has seen most children today neglect the physical activities known to help them develop most of their motor skills throughout their childhood.

The lesser the time children spend on physical activities, the less active they will be, and that too will impact on most of their cognitive functioning. This is fast becoming a problem that might affect the next generation as the children now might be tempted to be more lenient with the children they will give birth to too. You can read more in this article about Effective Child Therapy.

With decreased physical activity comes not just poorly developed motors but also the risk of health problems. For example, the same research shows that overweight or obese children are less likely to skip about or engage in sports, which might inadvertently lead to various health problems.

Read more about how to help develop and improve your child’s 7 senses through motor skills development and sensory integration here.

Other Effects of Physical Activities

Physical activities like sports have been conformed to prevent some somatic illnesses and pathological behaviors. These activities will eventually help such kids achieve some sort of equilibrium between self-control and being aggressive.  It also helps the child understand the importance of coping with the highs and lows of life, victories, and defeats, and also fosters a sense of belonging to a group.

Increased susceptibility to some risk behaviors among teenagers can directly be linked to a poorly developed cognitive-control system, a function of motor skills.


Considering common cognitive behaviors like language, thinking learning and memory, it is clear that the more a child engages in physical activities impacts more positively how they are developed.

So, with regards to the motor skills and how it relates to the developments of various cognitive behaviors in children, parents must do all they can to enable their children to engage in as many physical activities as possible. This article by ADDitude sums it up well.

Who is Qualified and Equipped to Treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?

boy child looking out of the window at the rain

Imagine this scenario: A mother read about ADHD and started seeing some of its symptoms in her child. At first, she rationalized and denied it, but as time goes on, more and more symptoms become evident. Now she is seriously thinking about visiting a professional.

While that may seem like the best option, which it is, not just any doctor will do. According to WebMD, only some specialists have been trained to handle such situations. In this article, we will examine some professionals that have the needed training to diagnose and treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in children.

Health Professionals who can treat ADHD

The first thing you need to understand is this: only a professional can diagnose and treat this condition. Even if you take your child to any doctor, chances are that you will still be redirected to a specialist or professional. In some cases, a team of professionals can be on a particular child’s case. In such a case, the team will cooperate and each will play a very different role in the child’s treatment.


A pediatrician is a doctor that takes care of infants, children, and adolescents.  He will be the one to map out a treatment plan because as someone who specializes in the treatment of kids, he knows what is too much or too little for him to handle. He will determine if what will work best for a child is either behavior therapy or the use of medication.

He may also find it helpful to conduct his tests on the child, and such tests may include things like depression, anxiety, or dyslexia.


The role of a psychiatrist is to prescribe and manage any medication that was prescribed. Even though any doctor can prescribe drugs, a psychiatrist is more equipped to monitor any effect the meds may have on him. He will also examine the child to know if something else might be responsible for the condition.


His job is to help your child manage the unwanted behaviors that come as a result of the ADHD. Since aggression, anger, and occasional outbursts are some of the symptoms a child with the condition may experience, he will do all he can to help that child manage those traits. Well, you just have to trust him because he has been trained to handle stuff like that.

Apart from helping to manage and if possible eliminate those unwanted traits, he will also help the child imbibe good social skills like keeping their personal belongings, waiting their turn, communication, as well as concentration. The psychologist may have to visit or consult with the school to make the daily life of such a child a little bit easier at school. A psychologist will also use these two following therapies:

  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy
  • Behavioral therapy

In this article, you will find more information.

Occupational Therapists

As described by ADDitude, this medically trained personnel will help teach the child good organizational skills in their personal life. He will evaluate his home environment and school environment, figure out how the condition is affecting them and proffers workable solutions on minimizing former traits.


Every medical condition requires a trained professional. So the next time you see or hear of a child with symptoms of ADHD, not just any physician will do. To avoid complications, consult a professional who will help minimize the effects.

Symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children

child jumping on the beach

Since ADHD is a condition that has no known cure, it means it can only be managed. The severity of the condition in a child also depends on early detection of the condition. If identified early enough, prompt action can be taken in the form of necessary medication or treatment which will make sure that the condition does not worsen. In this article by Mayo Clinic, you will find other helpful information.

How do you know when a child has ADHD? This article explains some of the symptoms that will be observed on a child that has been diagnosed with this condition.

The Symptoms

In children and teenagers, the symptoms are usually noticeable before the age of 5. Since they are only at school or at home, it shouldn’t be hard for parents, guardians, and teachers to notice certain ADHD symptoms in them.

These symptoms can be divided into two namely:


Here are the symptoms of inattentiveness you need to look out for in a child with the condition. They get easily distracted especially when taught something important. They struggle to remember the main points and easy-to-remember points. Their concentration span is somewhat shorter than normal.

They are also prone to making unnecessary mistakes with what they do. For example, they may make lots of mistakes with schoolwork; mistakes that their peers hardly make. They may also tend to lose their personal belongings like toys and household stuff more often than not.

They always struggle to stick with tasks that require a measure of tediousness and time. When others speak, they may appear to listen but are not listening. They are also disoriented and disorganized which may be evident in how their room looks, how their school notebooks are, and how they dress.

Hyperactivity and Impulsiveness

Consider some of the symptoms that should become evident in a child that is plagued by this category of ADHD. They often find it hard sitting still in a place for longer, especially in a silent or quiet environment. They prefer areas with some measure of noise. Even for a brief time, they will sit down, they are constantly fidgeting and are always carried away in their thoughts more often.

They prefer moving around to staying in one place, and this movement can become excessive in most cases. For example, they can always excuse themselves from class with the pretense of visiting the restroom when they are just trying to move around. They are also prone to getting impatient, often finding it difficult to wait their turn in a queue.

They may also act without thinking about the consequences of their actions. They tend to interrupt conversations more and they have little or no sense of danger even when the danger is obvious.

There is a third category though and it is known as ADD (attention deficit disorder). In this type, a child with the condition may have problems with attentiveness but not with hyperactivity. They rarely combine both symptoms. ADD can seldom go unnoticed because the symptoms may not be as prominent as with the two other cases discussed above.


In this article for parents, if you notice any of these symptoms in your child, promptly seek medical help and don’t pay attention to superstitions.

What Are The Skills In Which Kindergarten Kids Should Excel For Academic Success

What Are The Skills In Which Kindergarten Kids Should Excel For Academic Success?

According to the kindergarten teachers, there are a few developmental areas which play an important role in determining how the kids fare in their preschool activities. While the connections between these areas might seem nonexistent, they nevertheless exists. Gaining an understanding of these areas and how they relate to the children�s performance in preschool is something which should be important for every parent out there. This will enable parents to better support their kids during their preschool years, thereby fostering greater development of skills. Fortunately, the awareness of this fact has now surged as indicated by the teachers of kindergarten schools in Singapore. In light of this phenomenon, Chiltern House Singapore Kindergarten has taken the initiative to simplify these facts for the general public. In this article we shall discuss what are the skills in which kindergarten kids should excel for academic success.

Fine motor skills
To those who are uninitiated, fine motor skills are the ones which enable people to exercise greater dexterity when it comes to manual tasks. Fine motor skills are essential for many tasks throughout one’s life such as writing, using cutlery and others like that. Having a high degree of fine motor skills enables kids to learn things faster, which will eventually
translate into greater confidence in doing anything. Since kids naturally have a strong curiosity for learning new things, making them work on their fine motor skills should not be hard. There is no dearth of activities which will make kids exercise their fine motor skills under the guise of games. By the time kids are ready to go to school, they should have developed a good pencil grip, scissor grip and lace grip at the very least.

Alphabetic awareness
The need of alphabetic awareness for kids needs no elaboration, as it is the first step on which kids develop the knowledge needed for the rest of their life. For those who are unaware of what alphabetic awareness is, it is the ability to make sense of the written words and letters without any assistance. Firstly, children must be taught to identify individual letters randomly. Once they are able to identify the letters correctly, they should be taught to identify basic words. This will enable the kids to get a jumpstart on reading, thereby arming them with the skills to pursue knowledge on their own. Although absolute perfection cannot be expected from kids, they should be able to exhibit decent alphabetic awareness by the time they are seven years old at the very least.

In conclusion, motor skills and alphabetic awareness are two of many skills that your child needs for a headstart in education. It is the two most important in our opinion. Fortunately with the establishment of quality preschools, you can worry less about your child’s development in this area when you send him or her to a one.

Making Friends in the Early Years Prep Kids for Life Away from Home

Making Friends in the Early Years Prep Kids for Life Away from Home

Kids tend to get grumpy after a long holiday when they are sent back to school. It can be quite a tough job for a parent to see the little one cry as s/he fights to stay at home. While it may be great to have the smallie at home, s/he needs to attend school, whether s/he is ready to or not.

If you are looking for a Nursery School in Singapore, do consider Chiltern House Nursery School Singapore. They not only provide a holistic curriculum comprising linguistics, Mathematics and Science topics but also prepare your child for primary school. Do visit their website above to find out more.

For a good review of Chiltern House, you can read about Chiltern House Review here.

School is that time in life when innocence is at its peak. Making friends in the early years helps kids better their social and developmental skills for the later years. Evidence has proven that an only child comes out of her/his shell while s/he is in the company of her/his peers.

Group study is a wonderful way for kids to iron out their study problems with classmates. As children are grouped into sections during a classroom setting, they debate and deconstruct the details provided by the educator. It brings out the reasoning and analytical power of the child at the nursery school Singapore instead of staying put at one desk all the time.

Keeping mum in the class is never a good sign for the teacher or the student. Either the child has not comprehended the details or the teacher has not provided valuable information in an easy manner for the nursery child. Asking questions to children in the class is a done deal across schools. When a child does not have the answer, the teacher finds a solution by provided personal tutorship for the child so that the child understands.

A group of children laughing at something is music to the ears. Their giggles can keep you happy for hours on end. As children get to know their classmates, their love for various subjects in the classroom opens up. Using this as a way to get children involved in a subject opens up their minds to learning and deciphering content provided by the textbooks and the educator.

Learning about others in the classroom is an education in itself. Children get to learn about their classmates and their ways back home through verbal discussions in the classroom. Speaking out is encouraged as this breaks away any shyness and barriers as kids just continue being kids for as long as they possibly can.

As children learn to make friends with their peers, they are ready to leave the nest and make way for a life of learning and fun in school.

What to look for in a good nursery school

What to look for in a good nursery school?

The nursery school is in a way child�s first formal introduction to the world outside his or her family. So you need to be extremely careful as a parent while looking for the best nursery school for your child. It is here that your child will learn discipline, be acquainted with various subjects and possibly make quite a few new friends. This is why you should always visit a school personally before enrolling your children in it. The philosophy of the school, the staff, the certification, hygiene standards are as important as the curriculum. Read on to know the things you should look for while searching for the best nursery school Singapore.

If you are looking for a Nursery School in Singapore, do consider Chiltern House Nursery School. They not only provide a holistic curriculum comprising linguistics, Mathematics and Science topics but also prepare your child for primary school. Do visit their website above to find out more.

For a good review of Chiltern House, you can read about Chiltern House Review here.

The Atmosphere: A good school should have a vibrant, open and friendly ambience in order for your child to feel happy and comfortable there. Look for a school which has the reputation of being nurturing and friendly with the children.
Activities: It is important for a nursery school to have a host of activities which are not only interesting and engaging but stimulating to a child�s imagination as well. The best lessons are those which appear interesting and fun to a child. Therefore the more innovative and well thought out the activities at the nursery school the more the chances of your child having an enriching experience there.

Safety: Safety measures and adherence to health standards are of paramount importance while looking for a good nursery school for your child. It is your duty to ensure that you are putting your child in a safe environment, under responsible adult supervision when you enroll him or her in a nursery school. On your visit to the nursery school before the enrollment you should not find broken or damaged equipment or an unkempt playground. Also make sure that the school is sufficiently equipped to deal with fire hazards i.e. it has adequate number of fire extinguishers approachable as well as functional fire exits. There should also be proper waste management and the toilet, corridors etc. should be spotless.

The Staff: The staff is possibly the most important factor and plays a crucial role in your child�s experience at the nursery school. They should ask you questions about your child and get to know his or her habit, temperament and other necessary information in detail. They should also be friendly and approachable. Also look for a nursery school where the staff stays on for longer. This is important to provide a stable environment for your child.

The Important Aspects of Kindergarten Education


Education is one of the most important things that we could give to our children. Of course we could teach them at home, but it would still be different if we send them to a formal school. The first school that a child could be exposed to is a kindergarten school. Parents are encouraged to let their children join because they can learn a lot and faster when they are in school. They are exposed to the outside world which enables them to communicate and interact with different people and also to explore and discover several things inside and outside the school and home. In addition, it could prepare them best for more advanced lessons and subjects once they enter grade school.

UrbanPro will tell us more about the importance of kindergarten education for your child.

Importance of Kindergarten Education for your Child

The term ‘Kindergarten’ is derived from German which means ‘garden for the children’. Also known as PreSchool, it is an educational program designed for young children to prepare them for school. This part of early education for children, acts as a transition from home to school environment. At Kindergarten, children are moulded by giving a number of games and activities such as drawing, singing, which help them develop their fine motor skills, a love for learning and build social skills.

The Kindergarten preschool system in India doesn’t have formal directives, so preschools don’t require any affiliation. Children usually attend pre-primary and kindergarten classes when they are 3 years old. A period of 3 to 4 years are spent in kindergarten classes, before joining the primary school. Unlike Primary education, preprimary schooling is not yet mandatory in India, but highly preferred. Read more here.

Kindergarten education can really provide something for our children, not just in academics but in character as well. We all know that learning starts at home. As early as possible, we could already teach our children with the basics such as the letters of the alphabet, number, and a little bit of reading as well.

In an article by Ed Pearce, he will share to us the importance of learning to read before kindergarten.

Importance of Learning to Read before Kindergarten

RENO, Nev. (KOLO) — Chelsea Moore began taking her son, Ronan, to the library for story time when he was just seven months old.

“Going to the library was a nice way for me to get out of the house with a young kid, meet other parents and he would just sit there and listen,” said Moore.

As time went by, Ronan was playing with the other children, singing along, responding to the story teller and picking up books.

Ronan’s now three-years-old. His sister, Amelia, is 18-months-old. The routine continues. They’re often found at the library, picking out books, listening and responding as Moore reads.

At home, there are even more books.

“They’re learning how to imagine,” said Moore. “He will sit down and read with his stuffed animals. There are different words and phrases that I don’t use at school, so they’re being exposed to different language skills.”

And it’s paying off. The love of books and reading has taken hold.

“He even likes to go through cookbooks. We have to go through a cookbook and we read the ingredients to him and talk about how we make things,” said Moore. Read more here.

A little bit knowledge of reading for kids has a really big help for them when they enter kindergarten. They wouldn’t get hard up in class because they have a little background and understanding about it already. They would be more advanced which will lessen the pressure and hardship of learning with groups in class. Aside from reading, there are also other important things that children learn in kindergarten. Some of these are alphabets, numbers, singing, spatial learning and geometry or shapes. Many kindergartens in Singapore like Chiltern house preschool has also placed an emphasis on reading time in between lessons in order to cultivate the joy of reading in the children.

Edward Schroeter, in his article below, will tell us the importance of spatial reasoning and geometry in kindergarten.

The Importance of Spatial Reasoning and Geometry in Kindergarten

Kindergarten students benefit from robust spatial skills and geometry education

The simple act of documenting the mathematics learning in my kindergarten students’ block and puzzle play has led me to some revelations about my three-, four-, five- and six-year-old students. They are capable of relatively sophisticated spatial skills such as mental rotation, symmetry, perspective-taking, use of scale, navigation skills, and basic map-making, yet I am just beginning to understand the place of spatial reasoning and geometry in their learning.

A 2012 survey of JK to Grade 2 teachers in Ontario by Cathy Bruce, Joan Moss, and John Ross has made it clear that Ontario Kindergarten teachers like me have apparently been spending the least amount of instructional time on geometry and spatial thinking skills compared to the four other strands of mathematics, when they might be one of most important strands. Read more here.

Wow! Those are really great effects that children can benefit from. There is really a vast number of benefits and importance of sending your children to a kindergarten class. It is a really helpful preparation for her future lessons and more advanced classes. Children don’t only learn alphabets and numbers because kindergarten classes also teach children good manners, reasoning, and many others. However, as parents, we should not let the school alone to do the teaching because ever before we send our children to school, it is our responsibility to teach and supplement our children’s minds even with just the basic ones.

The Ways In Which Sending Your Child To A Child Care Centre Helps In His/Her Social Skills

A child care centre is the first place in which your child will learn to interact with other children for an extended period of time, that may be of the same age group of different ages. They learn to be able to co-exist in a way that can suit everyone. This is the only place that a child can learn the fundamentals of different values such as understanding, compromise, respect, etc. When they reach formal school, there might not be a chance to learn such life tips where they will begin to be evaluated in academic performance already.

One such child care in Singapore is Chiltern House. They not only grow your child’s confidence but also boost your child in skills that help him/her transit to primary school. Language skills, arithmetic, and Science lessons are some of the curriculum that Chiltern House offers. If you are serious about helping your child start formal school well, you should definitely check out their programmes.

If you are keen to send your child to a quality preschool, do check out this Chiltern House Review for an honest review of the school.


Next, when you send your child to a childcare, he/she also learns to be able to trust adults other than their parents or their immediate family. They learn to value and build good and trusting relationships with the people who surround them. Humans by nature are social beings and they need to have people around them so that they are able to live a healthy and meaningful life. As childcare centres are a place where the child spends the majority of their time with, they are able to build friendships with the children that surround them. Some of these friendships can last a lifetime. This is the place where children can even learn the ups and downs of relationships as they are prone to have minor disagreements between themselves but the caregiver in the childcare centre helps them get through these situations and lays the foundation for dealing with these kinds of problems in the mind of the children.

Also, having a primary caregiver for your child gives them security and helps the child’s development. RD Online writes more:

“Primary caregiving supports healthy development because predictability and familiarity make the child feel safe,” says Kriener-Althen. The approach also enhances the caregivers’ ability to work in partnership with families, communicating with parents during drop-off and pick-up, learning about the family’s cultural values and child-rearing practices, and sharing insights and information about the child’s development.”

Read more here.

Diversity awareness
Childcare centres in Singapore have children who come from different homes and different cultures and religions, and this helps the child to be more socially aware and interact with children without any social prejudices. This is not only good for the child at that moment, but will help them grow to be more understanding individuals in the future.

Childcare centres encourage group play and having a playgroup in Singapore . This helps the children to learn to work together towards a common goal and also helps them to learn leadership and team building qualities. Child care centres are places where the child not only learns to take care of themselves they also learn to take care of and help others around them. This instils qualities such as patience, compassion, and empathy in the child. These are important qualities that should be developed in children from a young age.

Cheryl Lock writes more:

Activities and games can provide additional help in developing specific skills, and you can reinforce your child’s social development and interaction by playing The Name Game and Follow the Leader. Researchers Sandra Sandy and Kathleen Cochran developed The Name Game to help young children learn the importance of getting someone’s attention before speaking. Have kids sit in a circle and give one kid a ball. Ask him to name another child in the circle, and roll the ball to that child. The recipient then takes his turn, naming another child and rolling the ball, and so on.

Read more here.

In conclusion, pre-formal education is an important milestone for your child and you should use it wisely. It should not be spent frivolously but should be spent getting his/her learning foundations right to prepare him/her for his formal education years ahead. With a good preschool education, the child will be able to excel and be well received by his/her classmates later on in his/her life.



Informal Teaching Methods For Pre-Nursery

Nelson Mandela famously said “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world. Education starts at a tender age where being receptive to all sorts of information is observed.”

If you are serious about finding a good childcare for your child, you should consider Chiltern House. Do visit this Chiltern House review for a fair assessment of the school’s activities and curriculum.

Teaching is segregated into two major types, formal and informal methods of teaching in preschool in singapore The formal method is text-book type teaching where the classroom is the set-up and the students pay attention to the teacher as she explains new concepts. This method lays more emphasis on hard work and discipline. An informal method of teaching is also based on curriculum but the approach is not as that of a traditional classroom set-up. In this method, an emphasis is laid on a relaxed and friendly environment. Some of the core elements that make the informal method of teaching effective are:-

1) Motivation as the young minds are eager to learn everything, informal methods make learning easy and fun. The child does not realize that he is learning new and challenging concepts as the teacher uses innovative ideas to teach the concept as well as continuously motivated and encourages the child. As the child is willing to learn more, he is more receptive to new information. The concentration span of a child is very short. He is still learning to develop skills required for the concentration. But with the motivation and coaching of a teacher or mentor, the child learns to pay better attention in class.

2) Stimulate the thought process once the child learns something new, it is human tendency to want to share that information with others. If the teacher teaches and then doesnt revise the concept, misinterpretation or doubt may sink into the childs mind. Instead, the teacher must encourage and give an opportunity to the child to communicate the new concept. This helps solidify the concept. As the child requires time to put his thoughts into the right words, the teacher can provide descriptive words to enable them to share their new discoveries of the concept and to also extend their vocabulary.

3) Being active no matter the curriculum, the child must have time to move around. Going for walks within the school premises, playing on the playground, jumping up and down or enacting a story; the children are more alert when they get a well-scheduled break to play to improve good blood circulation.

RSVP now to see these informal methods of teaching being put to practice by the teachers for their little geniuses.


KCU teams start the season off well. Our U8 Boys team not only played their first game ever as a team, they also recorded their first win as a team outdoors. The U12 boysalso played very well, in their first ever 11v11 game. Being down a player went into half winning 2-0 and running out of energy tied the game 3-3. The U14 Rangers played their first game of the season with no subs and ended up winning the game by a large margin. The U17 Ranger Girls playing up a year also were victorious, going undefeated this weekend in the GSI Friendlies.

Also, this weekend the U14 Girls Attack and U16 girls traveled to Graceland to play games against some of the area’s top teams and visited the campus. It was a great experience for all of the players.


Kansas City United is a small independent club that challenges its teams any players to the highest levels. Here is how our players and teams did this Fall.

League Division Winners

Kansas City United U8 Boys Attack

The U8 Boys Attack finished 6-1-1 to win their division in Heartland.

Kansas City United U8 Boys Sharks

The U8 Boys Sharks finished undefeated in league this fall.

Kansas City United U14 Boys Alliance

Won their division of Heartland going 6-2 this season.

Other Great Results from Kansas City United teams this spring

Kansas City United U14 00/01 GIRLS Rangers

We’re finalists in the HIT tournament, playing against teams from outside the metro.

Kansas City United U12 02/03 GIRLS BOLT

Finished 2nd in their division going 7-1.

Kansas City United U17 97/98 GIRLS Rangers

Finished 3rd in Premiere 1 of MRL finishing 5-2-1. They will be playing next weekend in the knockout stages of State Cup.

Kansas City United U17 02/03 BOYS Fireballz

Finished 3rd playing 11v11 U12 this season.

Notes from Editor:

Great Job to all of the teams this season. We had many teams playing up a year and doing MRL. We as a club strive to not only win our leagues but to play against the strongest teams and constantly improve our teams to the highest levels.